What Is Migraine, How Is It Treated?
Migraine is a type of headache that often comes in attacks. Attacks can range from 4 hours to 72 hours. The person feels completely normal between attacks but is worried about the next attack. Migraine, which used to be considered as “only a headache type”, is now considered a neurological disease in itself.
What Is Migraine, How Is It Treated?
Migraine pain is usually moderate or severe and can interfere with the normal activities of the person and impair the quality of life of both the person suffering from migraine and their relatives. The headache can feel throbbing or pulsating and can be located on one side of the head. Nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light or sound may accompany headaches.
Migraine is more common in women than in men; 18.6% in women and 6.5% in men. In the studies performed, it is observed that the rate of migraine patients, which was not diagnosed by a physician, reached 59% in female patients and 70% in men.
In many people, pain and other symptoms are so severe that they just want to sleep and sleep in a dark room. This hinders daily life.
What Causes Migraine?
It is not known exactly why migraine occurs. If a parent has a migraine, the probability of having it in the child is 40%. If both have migraines, the child may have a 75% probability of migraine.
In many women, a decrease in estrogen hormone levels just before menstruation can lead to migraine pain.
What are the Triggering Factors?
Old cheese, snack, chocolate, yogurt, onion, fig, liver, caffeinated foods, monosodium glutamate (MSG), smoked (smoked) or pickled fish/meat, foods with nitrate/nitrite added as a preservative (hot dog, sausage, salami ), etc.
Coffee, tea, caffeinated soft drinks, diet soda, spirits (especially red wine, beer, whiskey) etc
- Substances used other than routine
- Sensory and Emotional Stimuli
Flickering or bright lights, odors, anxiety, over-sadness or over-happiness, depression, extreme excitement, stress or stress relief
- Lifestyle Changes
Menstrual period, weather-season changes, being above sea level…
People who are sensitive to these triggering factors can avoid these factors and get rid of the restrictions brought on by migraine.
What are the Signs of Migraine?
It may be difficult to say whether a headache initially is migraine or a “common” headache. The features that can distinguish migraine attacks from other headaches are:
- Moderate or severe pain
- Accompanying nausea
- Accompanied by vomiting
- Sensitivity to light and sound
- Pulsating, pulsating pain
- Pain is primarily unilateral
- Pain increases with movement
Some people have an aura period that can last 10-30 minutes before migraine pain. Aura bright light flashes can include visual changes such as flickering, colorful zigzag lines, blind spots or vision loss on one side. An aura may also include tingling or numbness or dizziness in the arms or legs.
How is Miırgren treated?
Today, thanks to ongoing research, physicians know more about migraines and offer more options to prevent or treat migraines. Physicians often prefer preventive treatments for migraine sufferers who have attacks very frequently.
What is the New Method Applied in Our Hospital?
A new treatment method applied in our hospital is the spheno-platinum blockage method, with this method, a cream is given to the patient through the nose, and with this treatment, pain can be lost by 70%.
The advantages of this treatment
- Easy to be applied
- Quick response to treatment
- Applicable in pregnant and puerperal women
- To save the person from drug addiction
- No side effects
- No need for laboratory tests