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What is Migraine Headache?-Symptoms,Treatment,Causes

What is Migraine Headache? Symptoms of migraine

What is migraine headache, unilateral and throbbing, severe pain and vomiting are seen, limiting the quality of life of people with multiple causes of the disease is called migraine?

How is migraine treated?

There are two types of treatment in migraine. These;

  • Treatment with painkiller
  • Preventive treatment
  • Pain relief in migraine is a sufficient method for people who have pain 2-3 times a month, usually using triptan drugs. The person with the pain consumes the painkiller at the specified dose.

Preventive treatment for migraine is used to reduce the number of headaches, the severity, and frequency of pain. In this method used in the treatment of migraine; Depression-relieving drugs, some heart medications and some of the drugs used in epilepsy disease are used. The duration of treatment varies from patient to patient and lasts for 3-4 months.

Is there a dose of pain reliever in migraine?

Excessive pain relief in migraine is 10 months and more and is regularly used for 2-3 months. It is observed that these painkillers, which are used for migraine disease, turn into painkillers deficiency after a while. It is useful to consult a neurologist when the use of painkillers exceeds 9-10 per month.

What Causes Migraine?

What Causes Migraine
What Causes Migraine

There is no single cause of migraine, and your circumstances and triggering factors can trigger an attack of migraine. When we talk about the factors that affect migraines. These;

  • Hormonal changes
  • Environmental Factors
  • Food
  • Exercise / Fatigue
  • Hormonal Changes;
  • Menstrual changes
  • Birth control pills
  • First 3 months of pregnancy and 6 months after birth
  • Hormonal changes that occur as a result of hormone treatments in menopause trigger migraine.
  • Environmental Factors;
  • Bright and flashing lights
  • PC games
  • Feelings of resentment, much joy
  • Meal skipping, starving
  • Strong odors like smoke and perfume
  • Sleep disorders
  • Climate changes
  • Foods;
  • Although not everyone has the same effects,
  • Yeast alcohols, red wine,
  • Excess coffee and caffeine, excessive tea,
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Marinades
  • Prepared foods
  • Nitrate-containing foods
  • Exercise/fatigue;

Irregular and long-term compulsory exercises of 30 minutes or more adversely affect migraine patients. Migraine patients, 20 minutes of short exercises to rest for a certain period of time after the exercise should create their own program.

Migraine Symptoms

Migraine Symptoms
Migraine Symptoms

Symptoms of migraine; The main symptom of migraine is a headache. The symptoms of migraine are usually throbbing in one or half of the head. The pain may be moderate or extremely severe.

Pain in migraine symptoms may be in the temples, nape, forehead or unilateral pain.

In migraine symptoms, the pain may be felt a few days in advance and will eventually become severe pain.

Migraine symptoms are accompanied by disturbance from light and sound. Patients generally prefer to stay in a quiet and dark environment. Nausea and vomiting may accompany pain in migraine symptoms. In some patients with migraine symptoms, nausea and vomiting may be accompanied by significant dizziness.

Migraine is one of the symptoms of migraines due to the inability to perform daily functions due to pain.

Migraine symptoms include a change in appetite and a tendency to eat sweets.

Migraine pain is felt a few days in advance, and bright objects appearing in mind, blurred and double vision problems may also occur.

Migraine usually comes in attacks. While an attack usually passes during the day, some patients may have pain lasting more than a day. The frequency of attacks varies from person to person.

In addition to patients who have an attack once a month, there may be patients who have pain 2-3 times a week. In migraine symptoms, people become sensitive to smells.

Migraine symptoms include nervousness, depressive mood, and unhappiness.

Migraine can rarely turn into a painful disease that we call chronic everyday headaches. This situation affects the quality of life very negatively and should be treated immediately.

In which case should an expert be consulted?

First of all, you should go to the doctor to see if the pain is a migraine headache. After the diagnosis of migraine, treatment varies according to the patient’s distress and the frequency of pain.

If the pain comes less than once a week, pain medication can be taken only when there is a pain. Migraine is a well-known pain reliever, as well as migraine-specific attack medications, are used. These drugs are taken after the onset of pain and usually end the attack.

If the pain occurs once a week and more frequently and causes problems in work and social life, regular daily medications are preferred.

Daily medications are not painkillers and affect the brain to prevent attacks. In particular, patients who receive painkillers every day or every day due to pain may be exposed to the adverse effects of painkillers on organs such as the stomach kidney. For this reason, especially patients who use frequent painkillers should receive regular migraine treatment.

Types of Migraine Headache

The most common migraine types are migraine with and without aura.

Migraine with aura, various visual disorders before the pain, light in the eye is experienced.

Menstrual migraine usually comes during menstruation.

During vestibular migraine attacks, dizziness, imbalance, nausea, and vomiting are evident.

What are the symptoms of migraines?

  • Severe headache,
  • Unilateral Severe Headache,
  • Nausea,
  • Hypersensitivity and Reactivity,
  • Excessive and unnecessary cheering,
  • Recession and Opacity,
  • The slowdown in thoughts,
  • Increased Appetite or Anorexia,
  • Hypersensitivity to odor,
  • Hypersensitivity to light,
  • Difficulty Finding Words While Talking

The reasons mentioned above vary according to migraine types and from person to person. Although these causes are triggered by migraine types, they may have symptoms in different diseases. Therefore, if a diagnosis of migraine or any of the migraine varieties has not been diagnosed, a specialist should be consulted.

What Causes Migraine Headache?

  • Consumed Foods,
  • Hormonal Changes,
  • Environmental Factors,
  • Stress
  • Excessive Fatigue and Insomnia

What is Migraine Surgery?

In the treatment of migraine, there is no surgical treatment method that has been included in the treatment guidelines prepared by the Turkish Neurology Association, the USA and Europe. Therefore, surgical operations of this type with no proven efficacy are not recommended.

Migraine Treatment

The first treatment is to have the doctor diagnose migraine or migraine types after the patient tells the doctor about the symptoms of migraine. Patients with recurrent complaints should undergo a brain imaging first. If more than 1-2 attacks per week, preventive treatments should be applied. If there is something that triggers migraine and migraine, they should be eliminated. For the treatment of migraine and migraine varieties, it is necessary to change one’s lifestyle first.

For this;

  • Your regular sleep,
  • Stay away from stress,
  • Pay attention to your nutrition,
  • To have an appropriate weight,
  • You should avoid alcohol and cigarettes.

Treatment according to migraine and migraine types provides great benefits to the person in the long term. These benefits should regulate the patient’s visual lifestyle according to the advice of his or her physician. In this way, people get used to living with migraine and take control over time. In the treatment of migraine and migraine types, the patient and his / her doctor should be in harmony.


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