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What is a tension-type headache? How is it treated?

What is a tension-type headache? How is it treated?

 

What is a tension-type headache?  a finding of headaches is as old as human history. Even the skulls found in the excavations of the prehistoric period show signs of trepanation.
In the Sumerian epic poem of 3000 BC:
No, he says the eye was sick.
Not a headache but a headache.

headache is mentioned in the eye of the job.

In the Middle Ages, important developments have been achieved in Islamic medicine, which is identified with Ibn Sina. Cauterization (cauterization) is performed in headaches instead of perforating the head.

It is ironic that in today’s modern medicine, similar treatments still continue in the form of operations and operations on certain nerve localization in chronic, unresponsive headaches.

What is Tension Headache? How is it treated?

Tension headache is the most common type of headache. It is a severe headache caused by constant stretching of the muscles of the face, head, and neck as a result of significant changes in human life such as changes in environmental factors, overburdening responsibility, frustrations, familial and economic problems. The contraction of the muscles in the head or neck may be due to a stroke or depression such as stress or restlessness, sitting in the same position for a long time, traffic accident.

Often, the patient is diagnosed with migraines. However, tension headache is treated in a very different way from migraine in terms of both mechanism and treatment. While patients with migraine seek a quiet place in the nook, patients who complain of tension headaches want to walk around. Unlike migraine, tension headaches do not involve a single site. It shows a more common course. As the day progresses, it gets worse. It goes on for hours. There is no visual impairment and other symptoms of tension headache before migraine pain. Intension headache, the emergence of trigger points, which cause reflected pain by applying pressure on the muscles of the head, neck and shoulder region, is an important finding. The most important feature of tension headache is that it usually arises from the neck area to the top and proceeds as a compressive pain. Patients often describe this condition as tightening the head as if it were trapped. Headache; may be triggered by under or oversleeping, under or overeating, excessive alcohol consumption, excessive noise exposure, overwork, and other health problems.

In addition to headaches, many patients present with symptoms such as burning sensation, felting, and sensitivity to touch. In addition, complaints such as difficulty in concentration and insomnia may accompany the pain. Nausea or vomiting may occur. However, it is often not as severe as in migraine. Another important point is that migraine and tension headache can sometimes be seen together. Even a patient suffering from migraine headaches may develop tension-type headache over time and symptoms of tension-type headache may become more prominent. In this case, patients state that the shape, duration and frequency of headaches change.

About 20% to 30% of people suffer from tension-type headaches at least once a month.
Tension headaches are 40% more common in women than in men.
The tension headache criteria defined by the International Headache Association are as follows:

Headaches must be at least 10 times, from 30 minutes to 7 days.
Headaches should include at least two of the following:
Lack of throbbing

Mild or moderate (may affect activities, but does not interfere)
It is seen on both sides of the head.

Does not deteriorate due to your daily physical activities

During headache, nausea, vomiting or sensitivity to light and sound does not occur.

Tension Headache Treatment

Painkillers and muscle relaxants as well as drugs used against depression are extremely effective.

In addition to drugs, various non-drug methods are frequently used in the control of headaches. Psychological interventions such as relaxation training are among the leading methods. Patients are taught how to relax. This method is particularly effective in the treatment of muscle contraction headaches. In pain resistant to drug therapy and relaxation training, various injections are applied to the trigger points detected in the head, neck and shoulder area to relax the muscles and thus to control the pain.

Protection from tension-type headache

It is very important to identify and avoid situations that increase stress. For this, relaxation techniques should be learned by taking psychological counseling service if necessary.

Regular exercise and adequate and regular sleep will help to relieve the symptoms. Another important point is to eat meals regularly. Preserves a sense of humor and positive


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