What are the symptoms of migraines?
Between attacks, people are completely healthy. Approximately half of the migraineurs can anticipate the future of the attack. Before the attack; nervousness, depressed mood, and fatigue. In contrast, some people find themselves unusually energetic before the attack. Some may experience a difficult eating sensation. What are the symptoms of migraines
If the person has migraine attacks with aura, “aura” follows the first stage. The aura usually lasts 10-30 minutes and often causes visual complaints. Bright or flashing lights or colored zigzag lines emitting towards the center of the visual field appear.
Rarely, numbness and tingling may occur from the fingers to the arms and subsequently spread to the face and tongue on the same side. Difficulty in speaking or not being able to find the right words while speaking may also be part of the aura. For most patients, the headache phase is the most troublesome; from several hours to several days. Pain, classically felt in the eyes and temples, throbbing can be unilateral or bilateral.
When Does Migraine Attack Begin?
Some people are more prone to migraine attacks than others. If a person’s migraine threshold is high, it is more difficult to develop a migraine attack. The risk of developing a migraine attack is greater if the migraine threshold is low.
The importance of migraine triggers emerges here. In those with a low migraine threshold, a single trigger migraine attack can be initiated. In those with a high migraine threshold, several triggering factors need to be combined. Fatigue (the need for sleep and rest), fear and anxiety, stress (physical or mental) lowers the migraine threshold and makes it easier for triggers to initiate a migraine attack.
What are the triggers?
Migraine triggers vary from person to person, and may even vary from attack to attack in the same person.
Diet: Some foods, skip meals or meal delay, not drinking enough water
Sleep: Changes in sleep patterns, less or more sleep
Physical: Intense exercise or journey
Environmental factors: Bright and flashing lights, sharp odors, meteorological changes
Psychology: Emotional factors (sadness, anger, depression, etc.)
Hormonal changes in women: menstrual periods, birth control pills, hormone therapy
may trigger a migraine.