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Types of Headaches Chart

Types of Headaches Chart

Headache is one of the most common medical complaints; most people experience them at some point in their lives. They can affect anyone, regardless of age, race or gender. So what causes headaches? You can find all kinds of headaches and their treatment with all the details in our news … Types of Headaches Chart

What Causes headaches?

Headache is a pain in any part of the head. Headache can occur anywhere in the head, on either side of the head, or only in one place. Headache may appear as a sharp pain, throbbing sensation or a boring pain. Headache may develop slowly or suddenly and may last from one hour to several days.

A headache may be a sign of stress or emotional distress, or it may be caused by migraine or a medical disorder such as high blood pressure, anxiety or depression. Headaches can also cause other problems. People with chronic migraine headaches can be very difficult to go to work or school regularly.

There are different ways to describe headaches.


Types of Headaches Chart
Types of Headaches Chart

Primary headache

A primary headache is caused by hypersensitivity in your head or problems with pain-sensitive structures. A primary headache is not a symptom of an underlying disease. Chemical activity in your brain, nerves or blood vessels surrounding your skull, or the muscles of your head and neck (or some combination of these factors) may play a role in primary headaches. Some people may also carry genes that increase the likelihood of developing such headaches.

The most common primary headaches are:

  •  Head throbbing
  •  Migraine
  •  Migraine with aura
  •  Tension headache
  •  Cluster headache (usually seen in men, very severe, unilateral eye and temple pain. Very mixed with migraine) and paroxysmal hemicrania such as Trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia (TAC)

Several types of headaches are also generally considered as primary headache types but are less common. These headaches have different characteristics such as an unusual duration or pain associated with a particular activity. Types of Headaches Chart

Although generally accepted as primary, each may be a symptom of an underlying disease. These:

  •  Cough headaches
  •  Exercise headache
  •  Sexual intercourse headaches
  • Chronic daily headaches

Some primary headaches can be triggered by lifestyle factors, including:

  •  Alcohol, especially red wine
  •  certain foods such as processed meats containing nitrates
  •  Changes in sleep or lack of sleep
  •  Bad posture.
  •  Meal skipping at meals
  •  Stress

Secondary headaches

A secondary headache is a symptom of a disease that can activate the pain-sensitive nerves of the head. Many conditions that change severely can cause secondary headaches. Types of Headaches Chart

Possible causes of secondary headaches include:

  •  Acute sinusitis (sinus infection)
  •  Arterial tears (carotid or vertebral dissection)
  •  Blood clotting in the brain (venous thrombosis) – separate from stroke
  •  A brain aneurysm (a swelling of an artery in your brain)
  •  Brain AVM (arteriovenous malformation) – abnormal formation of blood vessels in the brain
  •  Glioma
  •  Carbon monoxide poisoning
  •  Chiari malformation (a structural problem at the base of the skull)
  •  Shake
  •  Thirst
  •  Dental problems
  •  Ear infection (middle ear)
  •  Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain)
  •  Giant cell arteritis (inflammation of the lining of the arteries)
  •  Glaucoma (acute angle-closure glaucoma)
  •  Alcohol use
  •  High blood pressure (hypertension)
  •  Flu and other febrile diseases
  •  Intracranial hematoma
  •  Drugs used to treat other diseases
  •  Meningitis
  •  Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
  •  Excessive use of pain medications
  •  Panic attacks and panic disorder
  •  Post-concussion syndrome
  •  Pressure from tight caps such as helmets or goggles
  •  Pseudotumor cerebri
  •  Stroke
  •  Toxoplasmosis
  •  Trigeminal neuralgia (including irritation of all nerves that connect the face and brain, as well as all other nerves)


In some cases, a headache may be a sign of life-threatening conditions such as meningitis, paralysis, and encephalitis. If for the first time in your life you are experiencing a sudden headache or an increasingly severe headache, you should go to a hospital emergency room or call 112 as soon as possible.

  •  Confusion or difficulty in understanding conversations
  •  Fainting
  •  High fever, more than 39-40 ° C numbness, weakness on one side of your body
  •  Defect of vision
  •  Speech disorder
  •  Imbalance in walking
  •  Nausea or vomiting (if not due to influenza or other cause)

Headache treatment

The most common ways to treat headaches are rest and pain medication. General painkillers may be used without a prescription (OTC) or doctors may prescribe preventive drugs such as tricyclic antidepressants, serotonin receptor agonists, anti-epileptic drugs and beta-blockers. It is important to follow the doctor’s advice because excessive use of pain medication can cause headaches. Treatment of recoil headaches includes reducing or stopping pain medications. In extreme cases, you may need to stay in the hospital for a short time. Types of Headaches Chart

Tension-type headache treatment

Tension headache is generally thought to be caused by stress, but stress is only one of the triggering factors. In tension-type headaches, it causes a feeling of pressure as if there was a band around the head.

Treatment methods for tension headaches include:

  •  Prescription and non-prescription medications given by your doctor
  •  Lifestyle changes (Relax, deal with cold packs with ice packs, like a long and hot shower)
  •  Relaxation techniques such as meditation
  •  Learn and apply stress management techniques.

Cluster type of headache treatment

Cluster type headache comes in the form of clusters of several weeks and is one of the most severe types. Cluster type headache is severe enough to wake the patient from night’s sleep. Usually unilateral, around the eyes and reactive pain occurs.

Treatment methods for cluster headaches include:

There is no treatment that can completely relieve cluster headaches. The aim of the treatment is to reduce the severity of the pain, shorten the duration of the headache and prevent attacks. In a cluster headache, the pain suddenly becomes severe and decreases in a short time. Therefore, fast-acting drugs are required. Some rapidly acting drugs can provide relief from pain. Managing pain, managing pain, and communicating with your doctor will help you control cluster headaches. Types of Headaches Chart

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