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Types of headaches and causes

Types of headaches and causes

Generally, all people have had a headache at a time in their lives, albeit only once. Depending on the severity of the headache, it may affect the quality of life. It can be seen that most people with severe headaches have difficulty doing their daily work.Types of headaches and causes

Headache; is known as a throbbing, squeezing and noticeably disturbing condition in a certain part of the head. The headache may come slowly or suddenly and may persist for several hours or several days.

Symptoms of headache

In some cases, headache may be a sign of life-threatening conditions such as meningitis, paralysis, and encephalitis. For the first time in your life, if you experience a sudden or increasing headache, you should go to a hospital emergency room or call 112 as soon as possible.

  • Confusion or difficulty in understanding conversations
  • Fainting
  • High fever, more than 39-40 ° C
  • Numbness, weakness on one side of your body
  • Defect of vision
  • Speech disorder
  • Imbalance in walking
  • Nausea or vomiting (if it cannot be clearly attributed to influenza or any other cause),

Headaches are classified into two groups

In primary and functional headaches, there is no other underlying disease under the headache. Tension headache includes migraine, neuralgic headache, and cluster headache.

In the secondary group, headaches occur as a symptom of other diseases. Acute sinusitis, dental problems, ear infections, influenza, glaucoma, cerebral vascular disorders, benign or malignant brain tumors, hypertension, head trauma causes such as.

Most headaches are innocent, and the most common are headaches and migraine headaches. However, when the headache is sudden onset and very severe if the patient uses a phrase bomba bomb explodes in my head “, en the worst headache I have ever experienced, alarında in patients with hypertension, nausea, and vomiting accompanied by headache, or long-term headaches or other serious illnesses.

Tension-Type Headache

The most common headache is not related to any other disease and the cause is unknown. There is no brain damage and neurological findings are not visible.
Tension headaches cause a feeling of pressure as if there was a band around the head.

This pain is felt in mild and moderate severity, mainly manifested as weight and pressure. Stress, insomnia and work environment can trigger pain.

Migraine Type Headache

  • Migraine is usually a type of severe headache. The symptoms that distinguish migraine from other headaches are:
  • Comes in seizures and may also have pioneering signs called ‘aura ında at the beginning,
  • Pain is accompanied by nausea and vomiting,
  • It may cover half or all of the head,
  • It can be very sparse and may come several times a week.
  • Cluster Type Headache
  • It is usually seen in spring and autumn seasons, lasting 30-45 days, very severe, usually occurs in the form of unilateral pain. This type of suspicion is suspected if these symptoms are accompanied by tears, and when the pains awaken from sleep in the morning.

Cluster Type Headache

It is usually seen in spring and autumn seasons, lasting 30-45 days, very severe, usually occurs in the form of unilateral pain. This type of suspicion is suspected if these symptoms are accompanied by tears, and when the pains awaken from sleep in the morning.

Neuralgic Type Headache

In neuralgic pain, the person experiences pain; sudden electric shock or swelling.

Increased sensitivities of nerve endings, cold effects, circulatory disorders, effects of caffeine and nicotine, excitatory (stimulating) neurotransmitters in the central nervous system (substances that communicate between nerve cells) can develop due to various reasons such as the increase of substances.

What are the causes of a headache?

The headache should often be evaluated with accompanying findings. These; nausea, sensitivity to light and sound and vomiting. While many headaches do not occur as a result of serious illnesses, in some cases life-threatening situations that require immediate intervention may occur. A neurologist will help you to identify possible causes and appropriate treatment.

Tension Headache Symptoms

  • Headache with a feeling of fullness in the head,
  • Feeling of pressure on the forehead or temples,
  • Sensitivity to scalp, neck and shoulder muscles,
  • Sensitivity to light and sound (not as severe as in migraine)
  • Tension headache, as in migraine, nausea, vomiting and visual disturbances are not found. Physical activities have no effect on tension headache and vice versa.

Migraine Type Headache Symptoms


  • One or two days before the headache begins, patients may notice minor stimulant changes for an upcoming migraine attack:
  • Constipation
  • Mood changes, pessimism, restlessness
  • Eating request
  • Neck eclipse
  • Increased thirst and urination
  • Frequent stretching


Sensory changes before migraine attacks begin:

  • Weakness in touch sensations (sensory),
  • Speech disorder,
  • Visual disturbances,
  • Numbness or tingling.


Migraine attacks can last from 4 to 72 hours. Attacks can be rare or occur several times a month or a week. Patients during migraine attacks;

  • Throbbing in the form of heartbeat,
  • Nausea – vomiting,
  • Light – excessive sensation to sound and even touch,
  • Blurred vision,
  • Dizziness
  • In some cases, you may faint.

Cluster Type Headache Symptoms

Cluster Type Headache Symptoms
Cluster Type Headache Symptoms

Unbearable, severe pain often begins around an eye. Pain can sometimes spread to the face, head, neck, shoulder and other areas.

  • Unilateral pain
  • Feeling of restlessness
  • Redness of the eye on the affected side, tear
  • Nasal congestion or discharge on the affected side
  • Sweating on face or face
  • Percent pallor or flushing
  • Swelling around the eye on the affected side
  • Low eyelid.

Neuralgic Type Headache Symptoms

  • Sudden, severe onset headache
  • Headache associated with high fever, nausea or vomiting, stiff neck, confusion, seizures, numbness or speech difficulties,
  • If the headache worsens, a headache develops especially after a fall or a head injury.

Headache in Children

Many headache complaints cannot be diagnosed during childhood. Children often take a doctor to take the medication with pain relief from their parents when they do not work or when such headaches affect their daily life.

Common headaches in childhood; It is known as primary (tension) headache and migraine.

In primary headaches, children often indicate that the pain is located in the anterior part of the skull. In the case of a headache that is located in the back of the head during childhood, families should seek medical assistance.

It should be questioned by the neurologist considering stressful life events in tension-type headaches.

Tension Headache Treatment

Tension Headache Treatment
Tension Headache Treatment

Simple painkillers, muscle relaxants or relaxing, anxiety-relieving antidepressants recommended by your doctor may be used for treatment. Psychological therapies and relaxation techniques are also used in the treatment of this disease.

Treatment of Migraine Type Headache

Medications used to treat migraine may help to relieve pain during headache attacks or to stop symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, or to control the frequency of frequent headache attacks. There are many medications for migraine treatment. Types of headaches and causes

Some medications used to treat other diseases such as epilepsy, hypertension, depression are also known to help prevent or relieve migraines. Botox treatment, which is also used in aesthetics, is among the new period treatments.

In addition, avoiding certain triggers can reduce the number of attacks. Fasting, thirst, insomnia, excessive caffeine consumption, red wine, and some cheese varieties have been shown to trigger migraine attacks in some patients. Types of headaches and causes

Cluster Type Headache Treatment

Fast-acting drugs that reduce the severity of pain and shorten the duration are used in the treatment. There is no cure for this pain completely, and it is important that you are aware of stressful situations and the causes that trigger the pain. It is therefore important that you have good communication with your neurologist to manage pain.

Treatment-resistant cluster headache may benefit, albeit limited, from oxygen administration.

Types of headaches and causes

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