Migraine Causes, How is it treated?
If the symptoms of exhaustion or burnout, stiffness in the neck and neck, irritability and desire for continuous stretching are seen together, these symptoms may be a harbinger of a dangerous migraine attack. So what causes migraine and how is it treated? Is it possible to overcome migraine attacks more lightly?Migraine Causes
Migraine is a neurological disorder with many symptoms. Migraine, which manifests itself mostly with intense headaches, can be passed on genetically and manifests itself in all age ranges. Migraine may begin in childhood and may not show any symptoms until adulthood. Migraine is more common in women than in men. If someone has a family history of migraine, the risk factor for other members of the family is higher. Migraine varieties, aura (formerly common migraine) and aura (formerly classical migraine) are divided into two.
Despite numerous studies, there is no definite answer as to what causes migraines. However, some factors such as decreased serotonin hormone in the brain have been found to trigger a migraine.
- Bright lights
- High temperature and air exchange
- Loud sounds
- Unusual odors
- Alcohol and cigarette consumption
- Meal skipping
It is known that factors such as triggering migraine attacks.
Migraine Symptoms and Stages of Migraine
Other migraine symptoms begin to show up one or two days before long and intense headaches. This stage of migraine is called prodrome or anterior symptom stage;
- Exhaustion or low energy
- Regular stretching
- Hardening of the neck
symptoms are observed. In migraine with aura, the aura appears after the prodrome stage. During this aura, one may have difficulty seeing, perceiving, moving and speaking. Problems in the Aura phase;
- Speech disorder
- A sensation of prickling in the face, arms or legs
- See shapes, bright lights or dots
- Temporary loss of vision.
The next stage of migraine is known as the attack phase. This stage is the most intense and severe part of the main migraine pain. In some people, these attacks may occur in parallel with the aura. Symptoms during an attack may last for hours or even days. Although the symptoms in this stage vary from person to person. Migraine Causes
- Sensitivity to light and sound
- Dizziness and fainting
- Pain in one part of your head
- Pain in the form of throbbing throughout the head
- Vomiting symptoms are observed.
In the subsequent process, the person suffering from migraine pain goes into the postdrome phase. In this phase, changes in mood and feelings are usually observed. One can be extremely happy or feel exhausted and indifferent. The unbearable headache becomes mild but uncomfortable. The length and intensity of these stages are observed at different degrees in different individuals. In addition, the presence of these symptoms alone is not enough to diagnose migraine. So that sometimes one of the stages is skipped and the migraine attack can start without causing a headache.
How does migraine pain occur?
Migraine pain manifests itself as a discomforting pain in the head area. This pain, which starts mildly, becomes increasingly severe if necessary precautions are not taken and treated. People suffering from migraine pain may experience pain;
- Perforating the brain
- It creates a sensation of a blow to the head
- Dropping out of hand
definitions. Migraine pain often affects the anterior region of the brain. In general, the migraine pain observed in one area of the head is felt on both sides. Or pain can pass from one area to another.
Most migraine attacks last up to four hours. If it is uncontrolled or an attack that is too severe to control, it can last from 72 hours to a week. In migraine with aura, pain may occur with the formation of the aura.
How is migraine treated?
Unfortunately, migraine is not a curable condition at all. If you have migraine symptoms, you should see a neurologist and you can continue your normal life by preventing the symptoms even if you do not get rid of the disease completely.
When you go to the doctor with a complaint of migraine, you may be asked for some tests. Computed tomography (CT) or MRI is used to determine if there is a tumor in your brain, abnormal shapes in the brain, or blockage. According to the results of your migraine test, your treatment is started. If migraine is a tumor, surgical intervention is required.
Migraine treatment is a planning phase rather than a specific method. Your doctor will do this planning;
- your age
- The frequency of your migraine attacks
- Your migraine-type
- The severity and length of pain
- Whether it causes nausea and vomiting
- It is determined and applied according to the other drugs you take.
Following this planning, your doctor may advise you to avoid migraine triggering factors or, if deemed necessary, switch to medication treatment. The stage of this medication is two types, depending on your migraine type.
Pain relief medications are preferred if migraine attacks cannot be prevented despite all your doctor’s recommendations and practices. This method is also called acute or abortive treatment. It does not prevent your migraine attacks, but it can reduce the negative feelings of symptoms and the reluctance of headaches.
2. Preventive drugs
This type of medication is taken regularly and is used to extend the range of migraine attacks. Migraine cannot be stopped completely, but the frequency and severity of attacks are reduced and the patient is relieved. Overdose or overdose of these medications can cause intense headaches.
The use of certain types of medication during pregnancy or lactation is at great risk. Therefore, if you are pregnant or if you are pregnant, tell your doctor and have him or her determine a medication accordingly. Another important point is that some drugs are only suitable for adults. Never take medications that alleviate your migraine to your child who has a migraine attack without consulting your doctor.
In addition to medication, you can fend off migraine attacks or make them lighter by some methods that you can use at home.
1. The Dark
If you feel a migraine attack is coming, lie down in a dark and quiet room. By avoiding the triggering factors, you can make the migraine attack tangential.
2. Head massage
An effective head massage from your temples to your scalp can help you get the least amount of migraine and make your headache more bearable.
3. Cold compress
Apply compresses to your forehead or neck with a cold cloth or ice pack. This can alleviate headaches due to insufficient blood flow.
One of the answers to the question of what is good for migraines is caffeine. With a cup of coffee without milk and sugar-free drinks, it is possible to migraine more easily. Caffeine slows down the conduction of pain by accelerating blood flow. However, it does not have the same effect in people who frequently drink coffee and have caffeine resistance.