How to use the birth control pill?
Contraceptive pills commonly used to prevent unwanted pregnancies are an indispensable part of family planning. The contraceptive pill, which was first used in 1960, is used today by approximately 140 million women worldwide. When examined in this regard, birth control pills are of great importance in preventing unwanted pregnancies. Birth control pills, which are defined as oral contraceptive pills (OKS) in the medical language, prevent pregnancy from forming by creating a difference in female physiology. The hormones contained in the pills stop ovulation and increase the density of the cervical mucus, known as cervical secretion, preventing the passage of the male reproductive cell sperm into the uterus. It should be noted, however, that no contraceptive method can provide 100% protection, including the best contraceptive pill. Regular use of birth control pills, which are among the most reliable methods of contraception today, is extremely important for ensuring their effectiveness. In other words, in order for the contraceptive pill to prevent pregnancy, it should be taken at the recommended dose and at the same time every day. Otherwise, the success of the contraceptive pill to prevent the occurrence of pregnancy decreases. The use of these medicines, which mostly consists of 21 or 28 tablets, sometimes confuses. What is the contraceptive pill before answering questions such as when does the contraceptive begin to protect or how to use the contraceptive?
What is the Contraceptive Pill?
In order for pregnancy to occur, the female body is renewed on average every 28 days regularly every month. In this period called the menstruation period, the hypothalamus region in the brain stimulates the pituitary gland, which is also a kind of endocrine gland in the brain. Due to this stimulation, the pituitary gland activates and releases LH and FSH hormones. Hormones reaching the ovarian reserve through the circulatory system allow some of the eggs to mature and crack. The best and healthiest egg is thrown into the tubular fallopian tubes between the ovary and the uterus. Meanwhile, during the sexual intercourse entered, the male reproductive cell fertilizes the sperm, the egg in the fallopian tubes, and the pregnancy begins. The hormones estrogen and progesterone contained in the contraceptive pill prevent ovulation and prevent possible pregnancies. Contraceptive pills with high efficacy and low side effects are close to 100% probability of preventing pregnancy. When medication is stopped, ovulation starts again. In other words, the effect of the drug is reversible. However, an obstetrician should be examined before using the contraceptive pill. The contraceptive pill, which can be used by all women except in special cases, can also be used by people who do not want to have children and have menstrual irregularities or painful menstrual periods. Apart from its use as a contraceptive method, the most common reason for using the drug is menstrual irregularity. Birth control pills, which are known to have protective effects against the inflammatory diseases in the uterus, tubes, and ovaries, also have some side effects. Before moving on to the contraceptive side effects, the frequently asked “How to use the birth control pill?” the question must be answered.
How to use the birth control pill?
Before using the contraceptive pill, a doctor should be consulted and examined. The effect of hormones in the content of the drug on the person should be evaluated and the appropriate drug should be used regularly for the dose and duration determined by the physician. Birth control pills usually consist of 21 or 28 tablets. When the drug is started to be used, it should be used at the same time every day until the contents of the box are interrupted. The birth control pill should be stopped for one week after the box is finished. During this period, menstrual bleeding occurs. After the end of the menstrual bleeding, the use of the second box is started and medication is taken in the same order. If the bleeding does not occur within a week, when the use of the drug is left for menstrual bleeding, a pregnancy test should be performed. Continuing to use the drug in this very rare situation may cause serious harm to the baby in the womb. The use of the pill, consisting of 21 tablets, is started on the first day of menstrual bleeding. Taking regularly at the same time every day is among the factors that increase the protection of the drug.
Even after menstruation does not start after the end of 21 tablets, the use of the pill is interrupted for 7 days and then the second box is started. Even if menstrual bleeding continues and decreases, the contraceptive pill should be continued after a 7-day break. Contraceptive pills, consisting of 28 tablets, are similarly used. Its first use must be made on the first day of menstruation. The first 21 tablets of contraceptive pills, consisting of 28 tablets, contain anti-pregnancy hormones, while the remaining 7 tablets contain mostly iron medication. Iron, which speeds up the reconstruction of blood thrown from the body during menstrual bleeding, has no effect such as preventing pregnancy. Therefore, the drug continues to be used without a break after the box is finished. Although drugs consisting of 21 tablets can be taken in mixed order, it is important to consume those consisting of 28 tablets following the directions on the tablet. Following the instructions in the form of arrow signs or day names, in the specified order, prevents taking the iron-containing tablet instead of the hormone-containing drug. Although birth control pills are known to be very effective in preventing pregnancy, some conditions can cause the effect of the drug to decrease. It is known that anti-epileptic, anti-HIV and some herbal remedies, especially birth control pills, decrease pregnancy success. This is why products such as herbal remedies and herbal teas cannot be taken with birth control pills. In addition, taking the drug regularly at the same time every day also helps to increase its effectiveness. Vomiting after taking the drug or taking medication 12 hours after the time taken normally reduces the effectiveness of the contraceptive pill, and therefore the chance of preventing pregnancy.
What are the Advantages of the Contraceptive Pill?
The advantages of the birth control pill, which is effective for 24 hours in the formation of unwanted pregnancies, can be listed as follows:
- Sometime after the birth control pill is released, reproductive functions will be restored. A person may become pregnant shortly after stopping the medication.
- It is effective in preventing painful menstrual periods.
- It reduces the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
- Balances severe bleeding in some women during their menstrual periods.
- It can be used periodically for the treatment of functional ovarian cysts.
- It is effective in reducing premenstrual tension known as premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
- It is thought to reduce the risk of uterine cancer.
- It can be used in the treatment of endometriosis disease.
- It can be used under the supervision of a doctor to emphasize or delay the menstrual date.
What are the Disadvantages of the Contraceptive Pill?
Among the disadvantages, also known as birth control pill harms among the people, are complaints such as weight gain, decreased sexual desire, mood changes, tenderness in the breasts, and headache. Other disadvantages can be listed as follows:
- After starting to use the drug, there may be intermediate bleeding in the form of spotting for 2-3 months.
- May cause nausea. (In case of mild nausea, use of the drug should not be interrupted)
- It does not protect from sexually transmitted diseases.
- It should be taken regularly at the same time every day.
- It increases the risk of clot formation.
The contraceptive pill should never be used during pregnancy and pregnancy. People with vascular occlusion, diabetes, hypertension, liver diseases, and severe undiagnosed vaginal bleeding should also not take the pill.
Before using the contraceptive pill, an obstetrician should be examined. The physician should be informed about other drugs used regularly. If you are planning to use the pill, don’t forget to have your health checks done. We wish you healthy days.