Headache Location chart
What Causes headaches?
Headaches occur as a result of physical, chemical or inflammatory effects of pain-sensitive structures of the head. The brain and most of the membranes that cover the brain do not have structures that perceive pain, which is called “pain receptors. Pain-sensitive structures of the head; membranes covering the inner surface of the skull in the head, periosteum, vessels inside the brain, especially the vein walls, while outside the head; scalp and arteries, gums and muscles. Diseases of the paranasal sinus, eyes, teeth, head and face bones can also cause headaches.
What are the risk factors that cause headaches?
• Infections (Meningitis, “encephalitis” ie inflammation of brain membranes and brain tissue, sinusitis, mastoiditis, ear-eye-mouth-neck infections)
• Intracranial bleeding, head trauma
• Space occupying formations (tumor, cyst, hematoma)
• Systemic diseases (cancers, fever, hypertension, brain edema, hemorrhages, “hypoxia” ie oxygen deficiency, “low blood sugar and blood sodium” hypoglycemia and hyponatremia)
• Epilepsy seizures and post-seizures
• Procedures (prolonged stretching of the head during surgery, brain – spinal cord intake, etc.)
• Increased intracranial pressure (Drugs, vascular inflammation, hypo-hypervitaminosis)
• Tension, depression, anxiety, stress, psychogenic causes
Acute Headaches: Sudden onset, increasing headaches; If local, it may be sinusitis, ear, eye, dental infections or first migraine attacks. If there is widespread pain; systemic infection, fever, trauma, hypertension, hypoglycemia, central nervous system infection, electrolyte disorder, or first migraine attack.
Migraine: The most common cause of acute-recurrent headaches in children. The incidence of migraine in children has increased in the last 20 years. Headaches are accompanied by attacks, restlessness, nodding, malaise, discomfort from light and sound. The pain is often bilateral and throbbing behind the eyes, forehead, behind the ears. Nausea, vomiting may accompany the pain. Pain, stress, fatigue, insomnia, exercise, hunger, noise, journey, cold weather, various odors, caffeine, nitrite, monosodium glutamate can initiate foods containing.
Migraine with aura: Sensory, visual and motor symptoms seen 30-60 minutes before headache.
Migraine-Simple Migraine: Before the pain may be excessive mobility, restlessness, depression, excessive thirst, and pallor. Headache can last for 1-72 hours. Light and sound may be uncomfortable. The patient can sleep 8-10 hours after severe pain.
Tension-Type Headache: It is caused by muscle contractions. Exacerbations may be short-lived for 30 minutes or pain for 1 week. It is the most common type of headache in the community. It is usually double-sided, compressive, compressive, does not increase with physical activity, can spread to the back of the head and neck. It is mild and moderate.
Chronic, Daily Headaches: Headaches lasting all day long for 15 days or more in a month. It was found that 45% of these headaches were accompanied by psychological causes.
Chronic Progressive Headaches: Pain with the worst prognosis of all headaches. Increased intracranial pressure, mass lesions, tumor, abscess, hydrocephalus, etc. should be investigated.
Cluster Type Headache: It is rare in children and adolescents. Unilateral and pain behind the eyes. Together with the eyes flushing, an alive and runny nose is observed.
How is headache treated?
Patients with headaches usually present when the pain becomes more frequent, increases in severity or disrupt daily activity. History, examination, and necessary investigations should be performed to show that the headache is not due to an underlying cause (infection, tumor, bleeding, etc., secondary headache). Mild pains are common and usually do not require treatment. Headaches with moderate or recurrent or progressive adverse effects on daily activity, social life and school are required.
Non-drug treatments: Especially in migraine, it is necessary to avoid the factors known to initiate pain, to detect foodstuffs known to trigger a migraine, and to exclude fabricated nutrients containing additives from the diet. It should be known that sleep during the headache, especially in the dark and silent room, is a treatment method, especially in migraine attacks. Behavioral therapies, relaxation exercises, cognitive therapy, stress management are effective in pain control up to 80 percent.
Drug treatments: When headache attacks occur 3-4 times a month, preventive medications may be used to reduce the frequency and severity of pain. If more than three prophylactic drugs have been used and have not benefited, they should be investigated for psychological factors and depression. The onset of acute pain