Headache and vomiting in hot weather!
Spending too much time under the sun can cause sunstroke as well as brain hemorrhage. Headache, vomiting, visual and speech disorders, such as brain hemorrhage, which can occur in the absence of timely intervention can cause permanent disability and life-threatening. Memorial Diyarbakır Hospital, Department of Brain and Nerve Surgery. Dr. Mehmet Tatli gave information about brain hemorrhage and the prevention of brain aneurysms in hot weather.
Sun and blood pressure are triggering brain hemorrhage
In summer, the high air temperature caused by the sun increases the harmful effect of blood pressure and causes intracranial hemorrhage, which can result in death and disability. The brain vessels wear out as the age progresses and they lose their elastic properties. Therefore, especially in elderly people with blood pressure, often in the summer months, the resistance of the brain vessels ruptured sufficiently to cause a brain hemorrhage.
May occur for different reasons
Brain hemorrhage, which is caused by brain tissue damage or rupture of vessels, may cause traumatic and sometimes different causes. Trauma, which is defined as the impact of the head, may cause brain hemorrhage due to damage to the head and the place of impact. In addition, this problem can be encountered in hypertension, aneurysms, tumors and some blood diseases due to vascular disease. Patients with diabetes and hypertension, smokers and those with obesity problems are in the first-degree risk group for cerebral hemorrhage.
Watch out for seniors and those at risk of falling!
Elderly and at risk of falling, family members with diseases such as aneurysm and vascular ball, and polycystic kidney patients may be in the second-degree risk group. In order to prevent brain hemorrhage, it is important to know the familial health history, to care for the symptoms, to undergo regular health checks, not to be directly under the sun, and to avoid the traumatic environments.
Consider these symptoms
Brain hemorrhage, especially in extreme heat; sudden and severe headache, nausea and vomiting, difficulty in speaking, dizziness, seizures, visual disturbances, partial or complete blindness, visual field losses, fine motor movement disorders, emotional problems, depression, conceptual difficulties, speech and perceptual problems, behavior changes, balance and coordination disorders, concentration difficulties, short-term memory problems, unconsciousness and coma. It is important that these people be transported to a fully equipped health facility immediately.
Surgical and clipping methods are used in the treatment
Open surgical treatment has long been applied to patients with aneurysms and has been accepted as the gold standard. This operation, which is performed to close the aneurysm, is performed under general anesthesia by opening a small window in the patient’s skull. The removed bone is resumed at the end of the surgery. The neck of the aneurysm, which is peeled off from the surrounding brain tissue and vessels, is closed by a kind of small latch, usually made of titanium. Thus, normal blood flow is maintained in the vessel where the problem originates. The latches used are permanent and do not cause any harm to the body. Under normal conditions, after aneurysm surgery, he is hospitalized for three to five days, followed by three to four weeks of home rest. Patients with bleeding aneurysms may remain in the hospital for a week or more. Follow-up angiography may be required in the fifth year after surgical closure of the aneurysm.
This method, which has been developed in recent years, is similar to that of cardiologists opening obstructions in the heart or large vessels of the body. It appears to be an appropriate treatment option in patients with high surgical risk and in poor neurological conditions or in some difficult-to-locate aneurysms. This method can be performed under general anesthesia or sedation. Because it is minimally invasive, there is no need to open the skull in intravenous treatment with minimal side effects due to intervention. Early postoperative complications are less, and patients with uneventful aneurysms can be discharged in one or two days, and return to daily life between 7-15 days.
Follow these rules in the summer, minimize the risk of a cerebral hemorrhage
- Care should be taken not to wander outdoors between 12.00-16.00 hours when the effect of sun rays is high,
- Drink plenty of water against water loss,
- Avoid alcoholic and acidic beverages,
- A wide-brimmed hat should be used outdoors,
- You should try to get rid of your excess weight,
- Regular sports should be done,
- Stress should be minimized,
- Smoking should be avoided,
- Blood pressure and heart patients should take their medication on time and regularly