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Causes Pain and Swelling Behind the Knee? How Is It Treated?

Causes Pain and Swelling Behind the Knee? How Is It Treated?

Pain and swelling behind the knee is a type of symptom that can occur due to many different health conditions. Some of these reasons are simple, while others are more serious health problems.

In this text; You can find pain and swell behind the knee, what are the causes of pain behind the knee, how to treat pain and swelling behind the knee.

What Is Pain And Swelling Behind Knee?

The knee is one of the most important joint areas of the human body. It is an important joint that mediates the complete fulfillment of the walking and running function.

Many discomforts can occur in the knee area. One of them is pain and swelling behind the knee. There are many reasons that lead to knee pain.

Structures that can cause pain or swell behind the knee may include:

  • bones
  • Muscles
  • tendons
  • Bonds
  • Knee joint
  • Cartilage
    The formation of pain and swelling behind the knee can occur for some common or rare reasons. Some of these reasons require urgent medical attention.

What Causes Pain and Swelling Behind the Knee?

If you are having pain or swelling behind your knees, it is quite natural to wonder why this is the cause. You should go to the doctor for your symptoms that appear suddenly or become more severe.

Your doctor will do some tests and tests for back pain and swelling. After all procedures, the cause that causes pain or swelling can be determined.

Causes of pain and swelling behind the knee include:

 Leg Cramps

Cramps are a strain or contraction that occurs suddenly in various muscle groups. The reason for this tension may be the excessive use of muscle.

Cramps may occur due to excessive use of the leg or thigh muscles. You can feel this pain behind the knee and wonder why.

Severe pain that occurs suddenly behind the knee and can last for minutes may be due to muscle cramp. Pain severity may vary between individuals.

Possible causes that can lead to the formation of leg cramps include:

  • Thirst
  • Tetanus
  • Various infections
  • Liver diseases
  • Toxin accumulation in the blood (lead, mercury, etc.)
  • Various nervous diseases
    Leg cramps are more common in improper or intense exercise and pregnant women. You should remember that leg cramps can be a natural side effect of pregnancy.

Leg cramps can usually last from a few seconds to 10 minutes. You may feel pain for several hours after the cramp has ended.

 Baker Cyst

Baker cyst is a buildup of fluid that is characterized by pain and swelling that arises behind the knee. There is a liquid cyst behind the knee. Baker cyst is also known as the baker’s cyst in the folk language.

Hamstring Injury

Hamstring injury is tearing or stretching that occurs in one or more muscles behind the thigh.

Hamstring muscles are:

  • Semitendinosus muscle
  • Semimembranosus muscle
  • Biceps femoris muscle
    The main function of these muscles bends your knee. With any of the hamstring muscles damaged, you may experience pain – swelling behind the knee.

Hamstring injury usually occurs when you stretch one of these three muscles too much. It may take months to heal if these muscles are completely ruptured.

You will feel severe pain at the moment of injury to the hamstring muscle. Especially with biceps femoris injury, there will be significant pain behind the knee.

Symptoms of hamstring injury include:

  • Severe pain behind the knee
  • Bruising behind the knee
  • Behind the knee swelling
  • A weakening of leg movements

Hamstring injury often occurs in fast running athletes. This type of injury is more common in athletes interested in football, basketball or tennis.

 Runner Array

The runner’s knee is the wear of cartilage in the knee joint. When the cartilage in the knee joint is worn, the knee bones rub against each other.

A dull pain typically occurs behind the knee when there is a condition called runner’s knee. Other symptoms of this ailment include:

  • Knee crashes randomly
  • There is a weakness in the knees and legs
  • Leg and knee movements are limited
  • Knee bending creates a cracking sensation

Meniscus Tear

The meniscus is the piece of cartilage on both sides of the knee. It is a structure that compresses and fixes the knee joint and is important in the function of movement.

Sometimes people can tear the meniscus while bending their knees or making sudden movements. As we age, the meniscus tissue weakens and degenerates, increasing the likelihood of tearing.

You can hear a sound instantly at the time of the meniscus tear. Pain or other symptoms may not appear at first. In the following days, pain and swelling will occur in the knee.

A meniscus tear can cause the following symptoms:

  • Movement restriction in the knee
  • Pain in the knee
  • Swelling around the knee
  • Weakness and weakness in the knee and leg
  • Knee lock or knee space

How To Treat Pain Behind The Knee?

For the treatment of pain behind the knee, the cause that caused this condition should be determined first. Your doctor will listen to your complaints and take your test.

One of the following imaging methods can be applied to detect the pathology occurring around the knee, behind the knee, and around the knee:

  • X-ray
  • Computed tomography
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Ultrasound


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