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what causes headaches ?

Here’s what you need to know about the most common health problem headache.


Headaches are one of the most common health complaints we have heard from ourselves and those around us. The headache may begin at any point in the head and may involve the scalp and face, as well as the inside of the head.what causes headaches?

Quite different reasons cause different types of pain. There are headaches that last for several hours, as well as those that last for several weeks. Headaches are divided into different groups according to their types.

If the headache is caused by another disease in the brain or body, the pain is classified as ‘secondary headaches’. On the other hand, headache is not related to any other disease and may appear as a disease itself. Headaches that are not caused by any other disease are in the group of ‘primary headaches’. Although we call all of them ‘headaches sızın without discrimination in our daily lives, there are different types of headaches such as migraine, tension, cluster and different causes.


Causes Primary Headaches?

Migraine Pain

Although the cause of migraine has not yet been fully elucidated, it is known that genetic and environmental factors play an important role. Migraine is a headache caused by enlarging and narrowing of the brain vessels due to various triggers. It also focuses on the possibility of migraine from blood circulation problems and changes in the 5th brain nerve (trigeminal), which play an important role in transmitting pain signals.

Studies have shown that serotonin and other pain regulating chemicals may have an impact on the occurrence of migraine. The low level of serotonin during migraine produces a signal that causes the trigeminal nerve to release the ‘neuropeptide’ molecule. When neuropeptides reach the meninges, that is, the brain membrane, this leads to headaches associated with migraine.

Some types of food such as stress, hunger, insomnia, chocolate and wine, sensory signals such as sound or images are possible triggers of migraine. In some women, normal hormone fluctuations also trigger a migraine.

Tension Type Headache

Tension headache is a pain that can include neck and scalp. It usually starts at the back of the head and spreads forward. Stretching of the shoulder, neck, scalp or jaw muscles is the main cause of this type of headache. In this type of headache, which is the most common headache, anxiety, depression, stress or head injury can lead to muscle tension and headache.

Activities where the head is held steady for a long time, such as working at a computer, can cause tension-type headaches. Other triggers of this type of headache include excessive exertion, poor sleep position, insomnia, tooth grinding, weakness, sinusitis, eye fatigue, or skipping meals.

Some foods are also known to trigger headaches. Old cheeses and chocolate are among these foods. Natural or artificial substances in foods can trigger headaches. Alcohol and headaches are always mentioned together. In addition, a person with a coffee habit, for example, may experience headaches due to a lack of caffeine if he does not drink the usual amount of coffee every day.


According to a recent study of young people aged 12-18, tension-type and migraine-type headaches occur in this period. Along with hormonal changes, changes in both psychological and environmental relationships have shown that young people complain of headaches. Adolescence is a period of stress for young people. For example, increasing exam stress and intensifying curricula in high school age can trigger headaches.

Cluster Headache

Cluster headache starts suddenly and can be severe enough to wake a person from sleep at night. The pain manifests itself several times a day and may last for months. Then the pain disappears in the same way and does not appear again for several months. Although the exact cause of such pain is not yet known, some scientists think it is related to the immediate release of serotonin or histamine secretion. Bright lights, high altitude, temperature, and physical fatigue can trigger cluster headaches. Cluster headache is less common than other types of headache.

Causes Secondary Headaches?

As we mentioned at the beginning of the article, a secondary headache occurs as a symptom of another disease. You can find some of the diseases that cause headaches in the list below. If you are experiencing severe, frequent, headache-like headaches that you have never experienced before, there may be another discomfort that needs to be addressed.

The pain that you think meets the above definition must be taken seriously and should not be neglected. If you have headache, vomiting, nausea, confusion and visual impairment, you should see a doctor immediately. Early diagnosis is very important, as some of the underlying diseases of secondary headaches are life-threatening.

Diseases that may cause secondary headaches can be listed as follows:

– Brain nerve diseases

– Head and neck injuries

– Brain vascular diseases

– Increased brain pressure

– Brain diseases

– Sinusitis

– Brain tumors


– Brain infections


Causes of Daily Chronic Headaches?

Daily chronic headaches may occur as a symptom of the diseases listed above and shown to cause secondary group headaches. However, another possibility is that these pains belong to the primary group and are not caused by any disease. In this case, your body may be overreacting to pain signals, or your brain’s pain suppressing signals may not be performing well enough.


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